Improve conservation of sea turtles in coastal regions of Oman.
Year by year thousands of sea turtles migrate from the shores of the Arabian Gulf, the Red Sea and Somalia to lay their eggs on the Oman’s shores. Between July and October around 20,000 turtles lay an estimated 50,000-60,000 eggs in the Oman shoreline.
Oman has five of the world’s seven species of sea turtles: The Green Turtle, the Loggerhead Turtle, the Hawksbill Turtle, the Olive Ridley Turtle and the Leatherback Turtle which is found in Omani waters but does not nest on the beach.
At night these turtles drag themselves out of the water to the beach. With great difficulty they dig a hole in the sand, bury their eggs and then return to the sea. After about 55 days, the eggs hatch and baby turtles come out to start the most dangerous journey of their lives, trying to avoid sight seeing tourists, hungry foxes, crabs and birds. They push their way towards the sea where they can find safety in the waters.
The supply chain of the worlds largest oil and gas providers runs through the waters where the sea turtles discover their first “safe” paddles in water. We from navama analysed together with WWF Oman the collision risks of sea turtles with oil tankers and other vessels for a better management of marine protected areas.
3 turtles equipped with GPS devices sending their positions to satellites were analysed against oil and other vessel traffic based on satellite AIS data in the Indian Ocean and in the coastal waters of Oman and Katar. The research results underlined the requirements for more marine protected areas with less vessel traffic and gave WWF more facts for their negotiations with local decision makers.
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